Steps in Theory-of-Mind Development for Children With Deafness or Autism
Article first published online: 21 MAR 2005
Volume 76, Issue 2, pages 502–517, March 2005
How to Cite
Peterson, C. C., Wellman, H. M. and Liu, D. (2005), Steps in Theory-of-Mind Development for Children With Deafness or Autism. Child Development, 76: 502–517. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2005.00859.x
- Issue published online: 11 DEC 2006
- Article first published online: 21 MAR 2005
Prior research demonstrates that understanding theory of mind (ToM) is seriously and similarly delayed in late-signing deaf children and children with autism. Are these children simply delayed in timing relative to typical children, or do they demonstrate different patterns of development? The current research addressed this question by testing 145 children (ranging from 3 to 13 years) with deafness, autism, or typical development using a ToM scale. Results indicate that all groups followed the same sequence of steps, up to a point, but that children with autism showed an importantly different sequence of understandings (in the later steps of the progression) relative to all other groups.