This research was supported by National Institute of Mental Health awards (MH 55625 and MH 55584) to the third author and an NIMH award (MH 58144) to the second and third authors. The authors would like to thank Kathryn Degnan, Louise Berdan, David Topor, Rachael Reavis, and Caitlin Stone for their help in subject recruitment, data collection, and coding. The authors also thank the families who generously gave their time to participate in the study.
Cardiac Vagal Regulation and Early Peer Status
Article first published online: 28 FEB 2007
Volume 78, Issue 1, pages 264–278, January/February 2007
How to Cite
Graziano, P. A., Keane, S. P. and Calkins, S. D. (2007), Cardiac Vagal Regulation and Early Peer Status. Child Development, 78: 264–278. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2007.00996.x
- Issue published online: 28 FEB 2007
- Article first published online: 28 FEB 2007
A sample of 341 5 ½ -year-old children participating in an ongoing longitudinal study was the focus of a study on the relation between cardiac vagal regulation and peer status. To assess cardiac vagal regulation, resting measures of respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) and RSA change (suppression) to 3 cognitively and emotionally challenging tasks were derived. Results indicated that vagal regulation was positively associated with peer status. In addition, mediational analyses revealed that the relation between vagal regulation and peer status was mediated through better social skills for girls and better social skills and fewer behavior problems for boys. These findings are discussed in terms of the role of vagal regulation in the facilitation of children's positive social behavior.