We would like to thank Timothy Jordan and Sharon Thomas for their guidance in developing the stimuli. We also gratefully acknowledge the anonymous reviewers for their thoughtful comments and suggestions.
Do the Eyes Have It? Inferring Mental States From Animated Faces in Autism
Article first published online: 23 MAR 2007
Volume 78, Issue 2, pages 397–411, March/April 2007
How to Cite
Back, E., Ropar, D. and Mitchell, P. (2007), Do the Eyes Have It? Inferring Mental States From Animated Faces in Autism. Child Development, 78: 397–411. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2007.01005.x
- Issue published online: 23 MAR 2007
- Article first published online: 23 MAR 2007
The ability of individuals with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) to infer mental states from dynamic and static facial stimuli was investigated. In Experiment 1, individuals with ASD (10- to 14-year olds; N=18) performed above chance but not as well as controls. Accuracy scores for mental states did not differ between dynamic and static faces. Furthermore, participants with ASD gained higher scores when the eyes conveyed information than when this region remained static and neutral. Experiment 2 revealed that those with ASD (11- to 15-year olds; N=18) were as successful as controls in recognizing mental states when the eyes were presented in isolation or in the context of the whole face. Findings challenge claims that individuals with ASD are impaired at inferring mental states from the eyes.