This work was supported by grants from the Maternal and Child Health Bureau (1-R40-MC00254, 1-R40-MC00067), the National Institute of Early Childhood Development and Education (R01-HD36187), the Office of Educational Research and Improvement (R306F960201), and the David and Lucile Packard Foundation (95-1796, 96-1752, 98-1947, 99-8670).
Depressive Symptoms in Young Adults: The Influences of the Early Home Environment and Early Educational Child Care
Article first published online: 16 MAY 2007
Volume 78, Issue 3, pages 746–756, May/June 2007
How to Cite
McLaughlin, A. E., Campbell, F. A., Pungello, E. P. and Skinner, M. (2007), Depressive Symptoms in Young Adults: The Influences of the Early Home Environment and Early Educational Child Care. Child Development, 78: 746–756. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2007.01030.x
The authors wish to express their gratitude to Carrie Bynum, the study's Family Coordinator, and to Katherine Polk, the Study Coordinator, who have both devoted many years to this work. We also thank Craig T. Ramey and Joseph J. Sparling, who founded the Abecedarian study from which these data are derived. We are indebted most of all to the families who took part in the program without whom there would be no study at all. Preliminary findings of the results described in this manuscript were presented in a poster at the Society for Research in Child Development, April, 2005.
Martie Skinner is now at the University of Washington in Seattle, Seattle, WA.
- Issue published online: 1 JUN 2007
- Article first published online: 16 MAY 2007
The relationship between depressive symptoms in young adults, the quality of the early home environment, and early educational child care was investigated in young adults randomly assigned to receive early childhood intervention in the Abecedarian study. Of the original 111 infants enrolled (98% African American), 104 participated in an age-21 follow-up. Those who had early treatment reported fewer depressive symptoms. The protective effects of the early childhood program were further supported by a significant home environment by treatment interaction. Negative effects of lower quality home environments on young adult depressive symptoms were almost entirely offset by preschool treatment, whereas depressive symptoms increased as the quality of the early home environment decreased for those in the control group.