The cooperation of the students, parents, and teachers in the ongoing Jyväskylä Entrance into Primary School (JEPS) project is gratefully acknowledged. This project is funded by grants to Jari-Erik Nurmi from the Academy of Finland (63099 and 778230). Support for the preparation of this manuscript was provided to Brett Laursen by the U.S. National Institute of Mental Health (MH58116). Thanks to Bill Burk and Paloma Prata for their assistance with this article.
Friendship Moderates Prospective Associations Between Social Isolation and Adjustment Problems in Young Children
Article first published online: 19 JUL 2007
Volume 78, Issue 4, pages 1395–1404, July/August 2007
How to Cite
Laursen, B., Bukowski, W. M., Aunola, K. and Nurmi, J.-E. (2007), Friendship Moderates Prospective Associations Between Social Isolation and Adjustment Problems in Young Children. Child Development, 78: 1395–1404. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2007.01072.x
- Issue published online: 19 JUL 2007
- Article first published online: 19 JUL 2007
This longitudinal study investigated prospective links between social isolation and adjustment problems among 166 (77 girls, 89 boys) Finnish children ages 7 to 9. Peer nominations for social engagement and self-reports of internalizing and externalizing problems were collected in the spring of the 1st and 2nd grade. Friendship moderated prospective associations between peer and adjustment variables. Among friended children, there were no prospective associations between social isolation and either internalizing or externalizing problems. Among unfriended children, initial social isolation was positively linked to subsequent increases in internalizing and externalizing problems, and initial internalizing and externalizing problems predicted subsequent increases in social isolation. The findings suggest that friendship buffers against the adverse consequences associated with being isolated and presenting adjustment difficulties.