This research was supported by NSF grant BCS-0094814 and NIH grant R01-HD40432 to SPJ. We gratefully acknowledge the efforts of the infants and parents who participated in the studies. We thank also Lisa Smythe for help with recruiting the infant participants and data collection. It is with great sadness that we note that Jonathan Slemmer died in February 2006. He was an invaluable part of all of our studies; his presence is sorely missed.
Location, Location, Location: Development of Spatiotemporal Sequence Learning in Infancy
Article first published online: 19 SEP 2007
Volume 78, Issue 5, pages 1559–1571, September/October 2007
How to Cite
Kirkham, N. Z., Slemmer, J. A., Richardson, D. C. and Johnson, S. P. (2007), Location, Location, Location: Development of Spatiotemporal Sequence Learning in Infancy. Child Development, 78: 1559–1571. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2007.01083.x
- Issue published online: 19 SEP 2007
- Article first published online: 19 SEP 2007
We investigated infants’ sensitivity to spatiotemporal structure. In Experiment 1, circles appeared in a statistically defined spatial pattern. At test 11-month-olds, but not 8-month-olds, looked longer at a novel spatial sequence. Experiment 2 presented different color/shape stimuli, but only the location sequence was violated during test; 8-month-olds preferred the novel spatial structure, but 5-month-olds did not. In Experiment 3, the locations but not color/shape pairings were constant at test; 5-month-olds showed a novelty preference. Experiment 4 examined “online learning”: We recorded eye movements of 8-month-olds watching a spatiotemporal sequence. Saccade latencies to predictable locations decreased. We argue that temporal order statistics involving informative spatial relations become available to infants during the first year after birth, assisted by multiple cues.