This research was supported by a grant from the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation: SCHN 315/ 25-1) to D.F.B. and W.S. Thanks are due to Camille Benjamin, Frank Niklas, Carolin Krumbholz, Yvonne Clark, and Marion Heitgerken for their valuable assistance during data collection and analysis. Portions of this research were presented at the International Congress of Psychology, Beijing, China.
Factors Influencing the Incidence of Utilization Deficiencies and Other Patterns of Recall/Strategy-Use Relations in a Strategic Memory Task
Article first published online: 3 NOV 2007
Volume 78, Issue 6, pages 1771–1787, November/December 2007
How to Cite
Schwenck, C., Bjorklund, D. F. and Schneider, W. (2007), Factors Influencing the Incidence of Utilization Deficiencies and Other Patterns of Recall/Strategy-Use Relations in a Strategic Memory Task. Child Development, 78: 1771–1787. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2007.01090.x
- Issue published online: 3 NOV 2007
- Article first published online: 3 NOV 2007
Factors that influence the incidence of utilization deficiencies and other recall/strategy-use patterns on a strategic memory task were evaluated in two hundred and fourteen 7- and 9-year-old children. Both utilization deficiencies and the incidence of children showing increases in both recall and strategy use over phases were more likely to be observed on phase transitions involving prompting or when different lists of items were included on consecutive trials; in contrast, increases in recall in the absence of increases in strategy use were more likely to be found between trials consisting of the same stimulus items. This research clearly indicates that patterns of recall/strategy-use relations, including utilization deficiencies, vary meaningfully with the age of the child and a variety of contextual factors.