This study was supported by a research grant (5R03HD043056-02) from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. The authors appreciate the valuable comments from Jencks and participants in California Center for Population Research, University of California, Los Angeles.
Black–White Achievement Gap and Family Wealth
Version of Record online: 24 MAR 2008
© 2008, Copyright the Author(s); Journal Compilation © 2008, Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Volume 79, Issue 2, pages 303–324, March/April 2008
How to Cite
Yeung, W. J. and Conley, D. (2008), Black–White Achievement Gap and Family Wealth. Child Development, 79: 303–324. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2007.01127.x
- Issue online: 24 MAR 2008
- Version of Record online: 24 MAR 2008
This article examines the extent to which family wealth affects the Black–White test score gap for young children based on data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (aged 3–12). This study found little evidence that wealth mediated the Black–White test scores gaps, which were eliminated when child and family demographic covariates were held constant. However, family wealth had a stronger association with cognitive achievement of school-aged children than that of preschoolers and a stronger association with school-aged children’s math than on their reading scores. Liquid assets, particularly holdings in stocks or mutual funds, were positively associated with school-aged children’s test scores. Family wealth was associated with a higher quality home environment, better parenting behavior, and children’s private school attendance.