The research reported here was supported by a grant from the Nuffield Foundation (SGS/00735/G). We would like to thank all the schools, teachers, and children who participated in this research. We would also like to thank Martyn Barrett, Margaret Harris, Carol Levine, Katy Marcus, Ned Palmer, Kathy Rastle, Harriet Tenenbaum, Dawn Watling, Donald Wells, and five reviewers for feedback on earlier drafts of this article.
The Influence of Race and Gender on Children’s Conversations and Playmate Choices
Article first published online: 15 SEP 2008
© 2008, Copyright the Author(s); Journal Compilation © 2008, Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Volume 79, Issue 5, pages 1329–1343, September/October 2008
How to Cite
Leman, P. J. and Lam, V. L. (2008), The Influence of Race and Gender on Children’s Conversations and Playmate Choices. Child Development, 79: 1329–1343. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2008.01191.x
- Issue published online: 15 SEP 2008
- Article first published online: 15 SEP 2008
The present study examined the influence of race and gender on children’s conversations and friendship choices. Four hundred and twenty-eight children (M age = 7.5 years, SD = 0.34) from 2 racial minority groups (i.e., African Caribbean and South Asian) and the racial majority group (i.e., European) chose a picture of a playmate together with a peer. Race influenced the levels of assertion and affiliation in children’s conversations. The effects of race on conversation also varied according to the gender of the children involved in interaction. Same-race pairs tended to choose in-group playmates, but same-race minority pairs showed less marked in-group preference. Cross-race pairs selected a majority-group child as a playmate most often.