This study was supported by a grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (DA08093-13). The Raising Healthy Children project was conducted by the Social Development Research Group, which is part of the University of Washington School of Social Work. The authors gratefully acknowledge the staff, families, and students of Edmonds School District No. 15 for their support and cooperation. The lead author would also like to thank Susan Nolen and her colleagues in the Department of Educational Psychology at the University of Washington.
Longitudinal Effects of Student Mobility on Three Dimensions of Elementary School Engagement
Version of Record online: 18 NOV 2008
© 2008, Copyright the Author(s); Journal Compilation © 2008, Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Volume 79, Issue 6, pages 1833–1852, November/December 2008
How to Cite
Gruman, D. H., Harachi, T. W., Abbott, R. D., Catalano, R. F. and Fleming, C. B. (2008), Longitudinal Effects of Student Mobility on Three Dimensions of Elementary School Engagement. Child Development, 79: 1833–1852. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2008.01229.x
- Issue online: 18 NOV 2008
- Version of Record online: 18 NOV 2008
Working within the developmental science research framework, this study sought to capture a dynamic and complex view of student mobility. Second- through fifth-grade data (N = 1,003, predominantly Caucasian) were drawn from a longitudinal study, and growth curve analyses allowed for the examination of mobility effects within the context of other factors that put children at risk, including behavior problems and family stress. School changes predicted declines in academic performance and classroom participation but not positive attitude toward school. Time-varying factors such as peer acceptance and teacher support had a positive influence on the growth trajectories of child outcomes. Additionally, teacher support had a particularly strong influence on positive attitudes toward school among children who had more school changes.