Preparation of this article was supported by National Institute of Mental Health Grant 1R21MH068427. The author would like to thank Susan G. O’Leary, Tamara Del Vecchio, Carey Dowling, and Vincent Grande for their thoughtful reviews of the article and Erica Woodin for her assistance in coding the included articles for reliability purposes.
Children’s Responses to Interparental Conflict: A Meta-Analysis of Their Associations With Child Adjustment
Article first published online: 18 NOV 2008
© 2008, Copyright the Author(s); Journal Compilation © 2008, Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Volume 79, Issue 6, pages 1942–1956, November/December 2008
How to Cite
Rhoades, K. A. (2008), Children’s Responses to Interparental Conflict: A Meta-Analysis of Their Associations With Child Adjustment. Child Development, 79: 1942–1956. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2008.01235.x
- Issue published online: 18 NOV 2008
- Article first published online: 18 NOV 2008
A meta-analysis examined the relations between children’s adjustment and children’s cognitive, affective, behavioral, and physiological responses to interparental conflict. Studies included children between 5 and 19 years of age. Moderate effect sizes were found for the associations between cognitions and internalizing and externalizing behavior problems and self-esteem problems, negative affect and behavioral responses and internalizing behavior problems, and behavioral responses and self-esteem problems. Small to moderate effect sizes were found for the associations between cognitions and relational problems, negative affect and behavioral responses and externalizing behavior problems, and physiological reactions and internalizing and externalizing behavior problems. Effect sizes were, with 1 exception, larger for internalizing than for externalizing behavior problems. Age significantly moderated the majority of effect sizes.