Preparation of this article was supported by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Grant R01 HD43125-01. The content and opinions expressed herein do not necessarily reflect the position or policy of the University of South Carolina, the NICHD, or the NIH, and no official endorsement should be inferred.
Social and Environmental Factors Associated With Preschoolers’ Nonsedentary Physical Activity
Article first published online: 5 FEB 2009
© 2009, Copyright the Author(s); Journal Compilation © 2009, Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Volume 80, Issue 1, pages 45–58, January/February 2009
How to Cite
Brown, W. H., Pfeiffer, K. A., McIver, K. L., Dowda, M., Addy, C. L. and Pate, R. R. (2009), Social and Environmental Factors Associated With Preschoolers’ Nonsedentary Physical Activity. Child Development, 80: 45–58. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2008.01245.x
- Issue published online: 5 FEB 2009
- Article first published online: 5 FEB 2009
The twofold purposes of the investigation were (a) to describe with direct observation data the physical activity behaviors and the accompanying social and environmental events of those behaviors for children in preschools and (b) to determine which contextual conditions were predictors of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and nonsedentary physical activity (i.e., light activity + MVPA) for 3-, 4-, and 5-year-old children during their outdoor play. The results indicate that preschoolers’ physical activity is characterized as sedentary in nature throughout their preschool day (i.e., 89% sedentary, 8% light activity, and 3% MVPA). During outdoor play periods, when children are most likely to be physically active, some contextual and social circumstances better predict their physical activity. Implications for policy makers, practitioners, and researchers are discussed.