This research was supported by a grant from the National Institute of Justice (8-7958-MI-IJ) and Centers for Disease Control (R49/CCR/518519-03-1) to the second, third, and fourth authors. Portions of this paper were presented at the Society for Research in Child Development biennial meeting in Boston, Massachusetts, in March 2006.
Resilience Among Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: The Role of Risk and Protective Factors
Article first published online: 29 APR 2009
© 2009, Copyright the Author(s). Journal Compilation © 2009, Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Volume 80, Issue 2, pages 562–577, March/April 2009
How to Cite
Martinez-Torteya, C., Anne Bogat, G., Von Eye, A. and Levendosky, A. A. (2009), Resilience Among Children Exposed to Domestic Violence: The Role of Risk and Protective Factors. Child Development, 80: 562–577. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2009.01279.x
- Issue published online: 29 APR 2009
- Article first published online: 29 APR 2009
Individual and family characteristics that predict resilience among children exposed to domestic violence (DV) were examined. Mother–child dyads (n = 190) were assessed when the children were 2, 3, and 4 years of age. DV-exposed children were 3.7 times more likely than nonexposed children to develop internalizing or externalizing problems. However, 54% of DV-exposed children maintained positive adaptation and were characterized by easy temperament (odds ratio [OR] = .39, d = .52) and nondepressed mothers (OR = 1.14, d = .07), as compared to their nonresilient counterparts. Chronic DV was associated with maternal depression, difficult child temperament, and internalizing or externalizing symptoms. Results underscore heterogeneous outcomes among DV-exposed children and the influence of individual and family characteristics on children’s adaptation.