This research was supported by a project grant awarded by the Economic and Social Research Council of Great Britain to the authors.
The Cognitive and Behavioral Characteristics of Children With Low Working Memory
Article first published online: 29 APR 2009
© 2009, Copyright the Author(s). Journal Compilation © 2009, Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Volume 80, Issue 2, pages 606–621, March/April 2009
How to Cite
Alloway, T. P., Gathercole, S. E., Kirkwood, H. and Elliott, J. (2009), The Cognitive and Behavioral Characteristics of Children With Low Working Memory. Child Development, 80: 606–621. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2009.01282.x
- Issue published online: 29 APR 2009
- Article first published online: 29 APR 2009
This study explored the cognitive and behavioral profiles of children with working memory impairments. In an initial screening of 3,189 five- to eleven-year-olds, 308 were identified as having very low working memory scores. Cognitive skills (IQ, vocabulary, reading, and math), classroom behavior, and self-esteem were assessed. The majority of the children struggled in the learning measures and verbal ability. They also obtained atypically high ratings of cognitive problems/inattentive symptoms and were judged to have short attention spans, high levels of distractibility, problems in monitoring the quality of their work, and difficulties in generating new solutions to problems. These data provide rich new information on the cognitive and behavioral profiles that characterize children with low working memory.