We are grateful to the parents and the twins participating in the Quebec Newborn Twin Study. We also thank Hélène Paradis and Bei Feng for their assistance in data management and preparation, and Jocelyn Malo for coordinating the data collection. This research was supported by grants awarded to Michel Boivin, Daniel Pérusse, and Richard E. Tremblay from the National Health Research Development Program (NHRDP, #6605-05-2000/2590183), the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC), the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), the Fonds québécois de la recherche sur la société et la culture (FQRSC), and the Fonds de la recherche en santé du Québec (FRSQ).
Early Child Language Mediates the Relation Between Home Environment and School Readiness
Article first published online: 15 MAY 2009
© 2009, Copyright the Author(s). Journal Compilation © 2009, Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Volume 80, Issue 3, pages 736–749, May/June 2009
How to Cite
Forget-Dubois, N., Dionne, G., Lemelin, J.-P., Pérusse, D., Tremblay, R. E. and Boivin, M. (2009), Early Child Language Mediates the Relation Between Home Environment and School Readiness. Child Development, 80: 736–749. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2009.01294.x
- Issue published online: 15 MAY 2009
- Article first published online: 15 MAY 2009
Home environment quality is a well-known predictor of school readiness (SR), although the underlying processes are little known. This study tested two hypotheses: (a) child language mediates the association between home characteristics (socioeconomic status and exposure to reading) and SR, and (b) genetic factors partly explain the association between language and SR. Data were collected between 6 and 63 months in a large sample of twins. Results showed that home characteristics had direct effects on SR and indirect effects through child language. No genetic correlation was found between language and SR. These results suggest that home characteristics affect SR in part through their effect on early language skills, and show that this process is mainly environmental rather than genetic in nature.