The SLCDS has been funded by the Medical Research Council UK Project Grants G89292999N and G9539876N awarded to the late Channi Kumar, Deborah Sharp, and Dale Hay; the Psychiatry Research Trust; and the South West G.P. Trust. The present data coding and analyses were partially supported by an Economic and Social Research Council studentship to Cerith S. Waters and Medical Research Council UK Programme Grant GO400086. We thank Helen Allen for her contribution to the retention of the sample, and the families who participated in the study for 16 years.
Mothers’ Antenatal Depression and Their Children’s Antisocial Outcomes
Article first published online: 4 FEB 2010
© 2010, Copyright the Author(s). Journal Compilation © 2010, Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Volume 81, Issue 1, pages 149–165, January/February 2010
How to Cite
Hay, D. F., Pawlby, S., Waters, C. S., Perra, O. and Sharp, D. (2010), Mothers’ Antenatal Depression and Their Children’s Antisocial Outcomes. Child Development, 81: 149–165. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2009.01386.x
- Issue published online: 4 FEB 2010
- Article first published online: 4 FEB 2010
Interviews of 120 British adolescents and their parents (80% of a random sample of antenatal patients drawn from a representative urban population and followed longitudinally) revealed that 40 (33%) had been arrested and/or had a diagnosis of DSM–IV conduct disorder by 16 years of age; of those, 18 (45%) had committed violent acts. Depression in pregnancy significantly predicted violence in adolescence, even after controlling for the family environment, the child’s later exposure to maternal depression, the mother’s smoking and drinking during pregnancy, and parents’ antisocial behavior. Mothers with a history of conduct problems were at elevated risk to become depressed in pregnancy, and the offspring of depressed women had a greater chance of becoming violent by age 16.