This research was supported by research grants to the second and third authors from the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO SPINOZA Prize; NWO VIDI Grant 452-04-306). F.J. is supported by Wereldkinderen.
Effects of Perinatal HIV Infection and Early Institutional Rearing on Physical and Cognitive Development of Children in Ukraine
Article first published online: 4 FEB 2010
© 2010, Copyright the Author(s). Journal Compilation © 2010, Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Volume 81, Issue 1, pages 237–251, January/February 2010
How to Cite
Dobrova-Krol, N. A., Van IJzendoorn, M. H., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J. and Juffer, F. (2010), Effects of Perinatal HIV Infection and Early Institutional Rearing on Physical and Cognitive Development of Children in Ukraine. Child Development, 81: 237–251. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2009.01392.x
- Issue published online: 4 FEB 2010
- Article first published online: 4 FEB 2010
To study the effects of perinatal HIV-1 infection and early institutional rearing on the physical and cognitive development of children, 64 Ukrainian uninfected and HIV-infected institutionalized and family-reared children were examined (mean age = 50.9 months). Both HIV infection and institutional care were related to delays in physical and cognitive development, with a larger effect of the rearing environment. Family care, even of compromised quality, was found to be more favorable for children’s physical and cognitive development than institutional care. The impact of the quality of child care on physical and cognitive development is discussed in light of future interventions.