Data collection for this work was funded by the Josiah Charles Trent Memorial Foundation and the Duke University Center for Child and Family Policy. We are grateful to the children and parents who participated in this research and to Dario Bacchini, Anna Silvia Bombi, Nandita Chaudhary, Paul Oburu, Kerstin Palmérus, Concetta Pastorelli, Lina Ramos, and Sombat Tapanya for their contributions to data collection. J.E.L. acknowledges support of NICHD Grant R01HD054805. K.A.D. acknowledges support of NIDA Grants K05DA015226 and P30DA023026.
Parent Discipline Practices in an International Sample: Associations With Child Behaviors and Moderation by Perceived Normativeness
Article first published online: 24 MAR 2010
© 2010, Copyright the Author(s). Journal Compilation © 2010, Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Volume 81, Issue 2, pages 487–502, March/April 2010
How to Cite
Gershoff, E. T., Grogan-Kaylor, A., Lansford, J. E., Chang, L., Zelli, A., Deater-Deckard, K. and Dodge, K. A. (2010), Parent Discipline Practices in an International Sample: Associations With Child Behaviors and Moderation by Perceived Normativeness. Child Development, 81: 487–502. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2009.01409.x
- Issue published online: 24 MAR 2010
- Article first published online: 24 MAR 2010
This study examined the associations of 11 discipline techniques with children’s aggressive and anxious behaviors in an international sample of mothers and children from 6 countries and determined whether any significant associations were moderated by mothers’ and children’s perceived normativeness of the techniques. Participants included 292 mothers and their 8- to 12-year-old children living in China, India, Italy, Kenya, Philippines, and Thailand. Parallel multilevel and fixed effects models revealed that mothers’ use of corporal punishment, expressing disappointment, and yelling were significantly related to more child aggression symptoms, whereas giving a time-out, using corporal punishment, expressing disappointment, and shaming were significantly related to greater child anxiety symptoms. Some moderation of these associations was found for children’s perceptions of normativeness.