This study was supported by grants to Wim Meeus and Susan Branje from the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO).
On the Progression and Stability of Adolescent Identity Formation: A Five-Wave Longitudinal Study in Early-to-Middle and Middle-to-Late Adolescence
Article first published online: 14 SEP 2010
© 2010 The Authors. Child Development © 2010 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Volume 81, Issue 5, pages 1565–1581, September/October 2010
How to Cite
Meeus, W., Van De Schoot, R., Keijsers, L., Schwartz, S. J. and Branje, S. (2010), On the Progression and Stability of Adolescent Identity Formation: A Five-Wave Longitudinal Study in Early-to-Middle and Middle-to-Late Adolescence. Child Development, 81: 1565–1581. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01492.x
- Issue published online: 14 SEP 2010
- Article first published online: 14 SEP 2010
Vol. 85, Issue 3, 1320, Article first published online: 10 MAY 2014
This study examined identity development in a 5-wave study of 923 early-to-middle and 390 middle-to-late adolescents thereby covering the ages of 12–20. Systematic evidence for identity progression was found: The number of diffusions, moratoriums, and searching moratoriums (a newly obtained status) decreased, whereas the representation of the high-commitment statuses (2 variants of a [fore]closed identity: “early closure” and “closure,” and achievement) increased. We also found support for the individual difference perspective: 63% of the adolescents remained in the same identity status across the 5 waves. Identity progression was characterized by 7 transitions: diffusion moratorium, diffusion early closure, moratorium closure, moratorium achievement, searching moratorium closure, searching moratorium achievement, and early closure achievement.