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Coherent Motion Sensitivity and Reading Development in the Transition From Prereading to Reading Stage

Authors


  • This research was financed by the fund for Scientific Research Flanders, Grants G0216.02 and G0331.08, and by a grant from the Research Council of Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, OT/07/034. We are grateful to all children, teachers, and schools who participated in this study. Special thanks are due to Rachel Fouladi for advice about statistical modeling.

  • Bart Boets is a postdoctoral research fellow of the Research Foundation Flanders. Maaike Vandermosten is a junior research fellow of the Research Foundation Flanders.

concerning this article should be addressed to Bart Boets, Centre for Parenting, Child Welfare and Disabilities, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Vesaliusstraat 2, 3000 Leuven, Belgium. Electronic mail may be sent to bart.boets@ped.kuleuven.be.

Abstract

Evidence suggests that sensitivity to coherent motion (CM) is related to reading, but its role in the etiology of developmental dyslexia remains unclear. In this longitudinal study, CM sensitivity was measured in 31 children at family risk for dyslexia and 31 low-risk controls. Children, diagnosed with dyslexia in third grade (mean age = 8 years 3 months), demonstrated reduced CM sensitivity in kindergarten (mean age = 5 years 8 months), before they had learned to read. Preschool CM thresholds in controls also uniquely predicted future literacy achievement. When reassessed in first grade, CM sensitivity in the dyslexic children was age appropriate, and CM thresholds in the controls no longer predicted literacy acquisition. These findings contribute to the debate about the developmental relations between visual processing and reading acquisition.

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