This research is part of the KiVa project for developing an antibullying intervention program for the Finnish comprehensive schools. The KiVa project is financed by the Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture. In addition, the present study was supported by the Academy of Finland Grants 134843 and 135577 to Christina Salmivalli. We thank the whole KiVa project team, and especially Marita Kantola and Jonni Nakari, for their contribution in the data-gathering process.
A Large-Scale Evaluation of the KiVa Antibullying Program: Grades 4–6
Article first published online: 3 FEB 2011
© 2011 The Authors. Child Development © 2011 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Special Issue: Raising Healthy Children
Volume 82, Issue 1, pages 311–330, January/February 2011
How to Cite
Kärnä, A., Voeten, M., Little, T. D., Poskiparta, E., Kaljonen, A. and Salmivalli, C. (2011), A Large-Scale Evaluation of the KiVa Antibullying Program: Grades 4–6. Child Development, 82: 311–330. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2010.01557.x
- Issue published online: 3 FEB 2011
- Article first published online: 3 FEB 2011
This study demonstrates the effectiveness of the KiVa antibullying program using a large sample of 8,237 youth from Grades 4–6 (10–12 years). Altogether, 78 schools were randomly assigned to intervention (39 schools, 4,207 students) and control conditions (39 schools, 4,030 students). Multilevel regression analyses revealed that after 9 months of implementation, the intervention had consistent beneficial effects on 7 of the 11 dependent variables, including self- and peer-reported victimization and self-reported bullying. The results indicate that the KiVa program is effective in reducing school bullying and victimization in Grades 4–6. Despite some evidence against school-based interventions, the results suggest that well-conceived school-based programs can reduce victimization.