Development of Subjective Recollection: Understanding of and Introspection on Memory States


concerning this article should be addressed to Simona Ghetti, Department of Psychology, University of California, One Shields Ave, Davis, CA 25616. Electronic mail may be sent to


The development of subjective recollection was investigated in participants aged 6–18 years. In Experiment 1 (= 90), age-related improvements were found in understanding of the subjective experience of recollection, although robust levels of understanding were observed even in the youngest group. In Experiment 2 (= 100), age-related differences were found in subjective recollection during a memory task, suggesting development not only in the ability to reflect on memory states, but also in the informational basis of subjective recollection. Lower understanding of memory states was associated with increased propensity to claim recollection. These results indicate that subjective recollection develops considerably during childhood and suggest that the development of metamemory supports this capacity.