This research was supported by a National Academy of Education/Spencer Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship to the first author. The authors thank Lilyana Ortega and Priscilla Riojas for their assistance with this project and Jacquelynne Eccles and Ronald Heck for their insightful comments on this article.
Critical Consciousness Development and Political Participation Among Marginalized Youth
Article first published online: 28 SEP 2011
© 2011 The Authors. Child Development © 2011 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Volume 82, Issue 6, pages 1815–1833, November/December 2011
How to Cite
Diemer, M. A. and Li, C.-H. (2011), Critical Consciousness Development and Political Participation Among Marginalized Youth. Child Development, 82: 1815–1833. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2011.01650.x
- Issue published online: 15 NOV 2011
- Article first published online: 28 SEP 2011
Given associations between critical consciousness and positive developmental outcomes, and given racial, socioeconomic, and generational disparities in political participation, this article examined contextual antecedents of critical consciousness (composed of sociopolitical control and social action) and its consequences for 665 marginalized youth’s (ages 15–25) voting behavior. A multiple indicator and multiple causes (MIMIC) model examined racial, ethnic, and age differences in the measurement and means of latent constructs. The structural model suggested that parental and peer sociopolitical support predicts sociopolitical control and social action, which in turn predicts voting behavior, while controlling for civic and political knowledge, race/ethnicity, and age. This illuminates how micro-level actors foster critical consciousness and how the perceived capacity to effect social change and social action participation may redress voting disparities.