This research was supported by the Intramural Research Program of the NIH, NICHD.
Cognitive and Socioemotional Caregiving in Developing Countries
Article first published online: 25 JAN 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Child Development © 2012 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Volume 83, Issue 1, pages 46–61, January/February 2012
How to Cite
Bornstein, M. H. and Putnick, D. L. (2012), Cognitive and Socioemotional Caregiving in Developing Countries. Child Development, 83: 46–61. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2011.01673.x
- Issue published online: 25 JAN 2012
- Article first published online: 25 JAN 2012
Enriching caregiving practices foster the course and outcome of child development. This study examined 2 developmentally significant domains of positive caregiving—cognitive and socioemotional—in more than 127,000 families with under-5 year children from 28 developing countries. Mothers varied widely in cognitive and socioemotional caregiving and engaged in more socioemotional than cognitive activities. More than half of mothers played with their children and took them outside, but only a third or fewer read books and told stories to their children. The GDP of countries related to caregiving after controlling for life expectancy and education. The majority of mothers report that they do not leave their under-5s alone. Policy and intervention recommendations are elaborated.