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Housing Quality and Access to Material and Learning Resources Within the Home Environment in Developing Countries


  • This research was partially funded by the intramural research program of the National Institutes of Health, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.

concerning this article should be addressed to Robert H. Bradley, School of Social and Family Dynamics, Arizona State University, 951 S. Cady Mall, Tempe, AZ 85287. Electronic mail may be sent to


This study examined home environment conditions (housing quality, material resources, formal and informal learning materials) and their relations with the Human Development Index (HDI) in 28 developing countries. Home environment conditions in these countries varied widely. The quality of housing and availability of material resources at home were consistently tied to HDI; the availability of formal and informal learning materials a little less so. Gross domestic product (GDP) tended to show a stronger independent relation with housing quality and material resources than life expectancy and education. Formal learning resources were independently related to the GDP and education indices, and informal learning resources were not independently related to any constituent indices of the overall HDI.

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