Infant and Young Child Feeding in Developing Countries
Article first published online: 25 JAN 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Child Development © 2012 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Volume 83, Issue 1, pages 32–45, January/February 2012
How to Cite
Arabi, M., Frongillo, E. A., Avula, R. and Mangasaryan, N. (2012), Infant and Young Child Feeding in Developing Countries. Child Development, 83: 32–45. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2011.01675.x
- Issue published online: 25 JAN 2012
- Article first published online: 25 JAN 2012
Feeding practices are important determinants of growth and development of children. Using infant and young child feeding indicators and complementary feeding guidelines, 7 practices in 28 countries are described, showing substantial variation across countries. Only 25% of 0- to 5-month-olds were exclusively breastfed, and only half of 6- to 8-month-olds received complementary foods the previous day. Median duration of breastfeeding and increase of fluid intake during diarrhea were low among countries with a high Human Development Index (HDI). Living in high-HDI countries may not translate to positive feeding practices. Across countries, there is a need for promotion, protection, and support of optimal breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices as well as better adherence to recommendations for feeding during illness.