This research was supported by the Intramural Research Program of the NIH, NICHD. We thank H. Azuma, K. Behrens, T. Doherty, N. Okazaki, and M. Sandoval.
Modalities of Infant–Mother Interaction in Japanese, Japanese American Immigrant, and European American Dyads
Article first published online: 3 AUG 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Child Development © 2012 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Volume 83, Issue 6, pages 2073–2088, November/December 2012
How to Cite
Bornstein, M. H., Cote, L. R., Haynes, O. M., Suwalsky, J. T. D. and Bakeman, R. (2012), Modalities of Infant–Mother Interaction in Japanese, Japanese American Immigrant, and European American Dyads. Child Development, 83: 2073–2088. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2012.01822.x
- Issue published online: 16 NOV 2012
- Article first published online: 3 AUG 2012
Cultural variation in relations and moment-to-moment contingencies of infant–mother person-oriented and object-oriented interactions were compared in 118 Japanese, Japanese American immigrant, and European American dyads with 5.5-month-olds. Infant and mother person-oriented behaviors were related in all cultural groups, but infant and mother object-oriented behaviors were related only among European Americans. Infant and mother behaviors within each modality were mutually contingent in all groups. Culture moderated lead–lag relations: Japanese infants were more likely than their mothers to respond in object-oriented interactions; European American mothers were more likely than their infants to respond in person-oriented interactions. Japanese American dyads behaved like European American dyads. Interactions, infant effects, and parent socialization findings are set in cultural and accultural models of infant–mother transactions.