The Childhood Development after Cochlear Implantation (CDaCI) Study was supported by Grant RO1 DC004797 from the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders, the CityBridge Foundation, and the Sidgmore Family Foundation. Warranties on the implant devices used by children with implants in this study were discounted by 50% by the Advanced Bionics Corporation, Cochlear Corporation, and the MEDEL Corporation.
Identification of Effective Strategies to Promote Language in Deaf Children With Cochlear Implants
Version of Record online: 24 SEP 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Child Development © 2012 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Volume 84, Issue 2, pages 543–559, March/April 2013
How to Cite
Cruz, I., Quittner, A. L., Marker, C., DesJardin, J. L. and CDaCI Investigative Team (2013), Identification of Effective Strategies to Promote Language in Deaf Children With Cochlear Implants. Child Development, 84: 543–559. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2012.01863.x
CDaCI Investigative Team members are listed in the Appendix.
- Issue online: 18 MAR 2013
- Version of Record online: 24 SEP 2012
- Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders
- CityBridge Foundation
- Sidgmore Family Foundation
Parental involvement and communication are essential for language development in young children. However, hearing parents of deaf children face challenges in providing language input to their children. This study utilized the largest national sample of deaf children receiving cochlear implants, with the aim of identifying effective facilitative language techniques. Ninety-three deaf children (≤ 2 years) were assessed at 6 implant centers prior to and for 3 years following implantation. All parent–child interactions were videotaped, transcribed, and coded at each assessment. Analyses using bivariate latent difference score modeling indicated that higher versus lower level strategies predicted growth in expressive language and word types predicted growth in receptive language over time. These effective, higher level strategies could be used in early intervention programs.