This research was supported through a grant from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH5 R01 MH61967-02). The fourth author is the principal investigator of the grant. We thank the members of the African American Family Project for their help with data collection.
Caregiver Experiences of Discrimination and African American Adolescents’ Psychological Health Over Time
Article first published online: 28 SEP 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Child Development © 2012 Society for Research in Child Development, Inc.
Volume 84, Issue 2, pages 485–499, March/April 2013
How to Cite
Ford, K. R., Hurd, N. M., Jagers, R. J. and Sellers, R. M. (2013), Caregiver Experiences of Discrimination and African American Adolescents’ Psychological Health Over Time. Child Development, 84: 485–499. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2012.01864.x
- Issue published online: 18 MAR 2013
- Article first published online: 28 SEP 2012
- National Institute of Mental Health. Grant Number: NIMH5 R01 MH61967-02
The present study examined the effect of caregivers' experiences of racial discrimination on their adolescent children's psychological functioning among a sample of 264 African American dyads. Potential relations between caregiver discrimination experiences and a number of indicators of adolescents' (aged 12–17) psychological functioning over time were examined. It was found that caregiver discrimination experiences were positively related to adolescents' symptoms of depression and negatively related to their psychological well-being. Additional analysis revealed interactions between the effects of caregiver discrimination experiences and family income on all 3 outcomes. Greater caregiver discrimination experiences and lower family income were risk factors for the youth in the sample. These findings underscore the deleterious consequence of caregivers' discrimination experiences on African American youth's psychological health.