This first issue of 2011 contains two regular articles and three articles based on papers presented at the EIASM-IPDMC conferences in Twente (2009) and Murcia (2010). The opening article is from the Murcia conference. Katja Hutter, Julia Hautz, Johann Füller, Julia Mueller and Kurt Matzler introduce the concept of ‘communitition’. Companies are increasingly using online design contests to foster the generation of creative solutions. Virtual platforms allow users both to competitively disclose their creative ideas to corporations and also to communicate, discuss and share their insights and experiences with like-minded peers. This article shows with rich data that contest communities and companies benefit from ‘communitition’, the simultaneous stimulation of co-operation and competition in an online design contest.

The second article is also based on a paper from the Murcia conference and concerns a highly related topic. Karsten Frey and Christian Lüthje investigate the antecedents and consequences of interaction quality in virtual end-user communities. Drawing on data collected through a web-based survey, this study explores the innovation activities of 127 virtual end-user communities. The findings confirm that interaction quality is positively related to the innovativeness of virtual communities. Concerning the antecedents of interaction quality, the authors show that trust is a key prerequisite to co-operative behaviour. The level of competition, however, only affects interaction quality if a high level of trust among members is present. Community managers need to create an environment that facilitates interaction among the members of innovation communities. Furthermore, they should ensure a minimum level of trust is established within the community before stimulating competition.

The third article, originally presented in Twente, presents research by Claudio Dell'Era, Tommaso Buganza, Camilla Fecchio and Roberto Verganti on the Language Brokering Process. The Language Brokering Process can enrich the dialectic between managers and designers and, consequently, it can improve both current and future innovation projects. This methodology elucidates the structure and process adopted by several designers and also illustrates an effective framework for communicating choices to managers. Results are presented from a student application of this methodology in the development of a new product-service system for Aquarius (a brand of the Coca-Cola Group) for two target demographics: ‘desperate housewives’ and ‘young adults’.

The upcoming 18th EIASM International Product Development Management Conference will be held in Delft (5–7 June 2011) and will focus on innovation through design (see We aim to publish outstanding papers from that conference in 2012.

In the fourth article, Sven Hemlin and Lisa Olsson present a study that examines how group leaders in academic and industrial research settings stimulate creativity. Using a modified version of the critical incident technique with 75 participants, the authors identify four kinds of creativity-stimulating leadership behaviours, related to providing expertise, group co-ordination, task assignments and group support.

In the final article, Pierre Desrochers and Samuli Leppälä bring together the discourses on creative cities and innovation management. They document how economically diversified cities provide a fertile environment for the discovery and development of new technological combinations. The study illustrates how a better understanding of the linkages between creativity and urban agglomerations would benefit from a multidisciplinary approach that studies both phenomena simultaneously.

The issue closes with a book review by Carmen Kobe of The Routledge Companion to Creativity, edited by our founding editors Tudor Rickards and Susan Moger together with editorial board member Mark Runco. This impressive collection of readings on creativity and innovation contains many worthwhile contributions by members of the CIM community!

As has become a tradition, in the editorial of each March issues we present to you the shortlist of papers nominated as best CIM paper of 2010. The five selected papers for the Tudor Rickards and Susan Moger CIM Best Paper Award 2010 are:

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    Björk, Jennie, Paolo Boccardelli & Mats Magnusson, Ideation Capabilities for Continuous Innovation, Volume 19, Issue 4.
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    Bullinger, Angelika C., Anne-Katrin Neyer, Matthias Rass & Kathrin M. Moeslein, Community-Based Innovation Contests: Where Competition Meets Cooperation, Volume 19, Issue 3.
  • • 
    Isaksen, Scott G. & Göran Ekvall, Managing for Innovation: The Two Faces of Tension in Creative Climates, Volume 19, Issue 2.
  • • 
    Jong, Jeroen de & Deanne den Hartog, Measuring Innovative Work Behaviour, Volume 19, Issue 1.
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    Kleinschmidt, Elko, Ulrike de Brentani & Søren Salomo, Information Processing and Firm-Internal Environment Contingencies: Performance Impact on Global New Product Development, Volume 19, Issue 3.

They will be available for free download from our website. The winning paper will also be announced on the website and in our June issue.