Adlumia fungosa (Aiton) Greene ex Britton, Sterns & Poggenb., (Papaveraceae: Fumarioideae: Corydaleae) is described and illustrated, and its cultivation and propagation discussed. The position of Adlumia within the family and tribe is discussed and a key to its separation from the only other climbing genus, Dactylicapnos, is provided. The true insertion point of the inflorescences is commented on. One hypothesis is put forward for the outgrowths on the underside of the upper rachis sections, petiolules, and midribs of the pinnules in assisting the cirrhose portions of the leaves to grip their support. The derivation of the generic name is commented on, and the correct etymology noted. A synopsis of Adlumia is provided.