Reports and Surveys
What's an Elite to Do? The Threat of Populism from Left, Right and Centre
A. Painter, Democratic Stress, the Populist Signal and Extremist Threat, Policy Network, 2013. http://www.policy-network.net/publications/4357/Democratic-Stress-the-Populist-Signal-and-Extremist-Threat-
Ibid., p. 21.
G. Lengauer, F. Esser and R. Berganza, ‘Negativity in political news: a review of concepts, operationalizations and key findings’, Journalism, vol. 13, no. 2, 2012, pp. 1–24.
Margaret Canovan, ‘Trust the people! Populism and the two faces of democracy’, Political Studies no. 47, 1999, pp. 2–16, p. 10.
Painter, Democratic Stress, p. 25.
Ibid., p. 35.
Ibid., p. 36.
E. Wallis, Another Planet, Fabian Review, 2012. http://www.fabians.org.uk/another-planet/
Anthony Painter's report for Policy Network correctly describes populism as a ‘democratic argument’ which sets up a morally pure ‘people’ against vilified ‘elites’, in binary opposition. This is an argument which is increasingly prominent in political discourse, whether the elites in question are political, financial or technocratic. Painter focuses on the now-familiar ‘radical right-wing’ version of populism, as reflected across Europe in the rise of parties such as the UKIP. He omits discussion of other types of populism (of the left and centre), which perhaps represent the future for populist politics.