Mosquito Habitat and Dengue Risk Potential in Hawaii: A Conceptual Framework and GIS Application


  • *The author would like to thank Andrew Comrie and John Kupfer for their comments on an earlier draft of the manuscript as well as Peter Johnson and the Center for Applied Spatial Analysis at the University of Arizona for technical assistance. The author also thanks the editor and two anonymous reviewers for their helpful suggestions that improved this article. The research was partially funded by the University of Arizona Department of Geography, the Social and Behavioral Sciences Research Institute at the University of Arizona, and the UA/NASA Space Grant program.


Dengue is an emerging disease, and the distribution of the mosquito vector is partially mediated by environmental conditions. In this article, a new conceptual model is suggested that emphasizes the importance of including environmental variability in mosquito modeling studies. In an applied sense, mosquito habitat maps are developed for Hawaii using a GIS overlay of mosquito survival thresholds of temperature, precipitation, and stream/wetland location. Populated areas represent locations with the potential for an outbreak. The maps are adjustable based on expert knowledge input, and efforts to prevent or control outbreaks can be concentrated in those zones delineated by this study.