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Keywords:

  • deindustrialization;
  • New England;
  • trade;
  • unemployment

The article analyzes patterns in the distribution of manufacturing job losses that have been certified as trade-induced by the U.S. Department of Labor. Spatial patterns in the likelihood of job loss are examined in the United States for the period from 1994 to 2002, with particular emphasis on county-level patterns in New England. The findings demonstrate that the pattern of losses was correlated with measures of economic vitality and competitiveness including per capita income, educational attainment, occupational structure, and inventiveness. These results suggest that trade-induced deindustrialization is borne most heavily by places ill-equipped to compete in a more open, integrated international economy.