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This article reflects on the progress of international forest law since 1992 and makes suggestions for related areas of international environmental law, based on insights gained from the international forest regime. To do this, it explores principles of forest law that have emerged since 1992 and analyzes the relationship between national and international law in the context of the forest sector. It then discusses compliance with international forest agreements, concludes that agreements that include incentives for all parties to comply are more likely to be successful than those that do not, and draws from this lessons for lawmakers engaged in the development of related areas of international environmental law, such as international law on biodiversity and habitat protection. In particular, it emphasizes the importance of strengthening the rule of law, improving the implementation of existing agreements and including in new agreements incentives designed to ensure compliance by all parties.