The authors benefited from very helpful suggestions and comments from various colleagues and an anonymous referee. Also, we would like to thank Karsten Reichel for his excellent research assistance. All remaining errors are, of course, our own.
Gender Inequality and Trade*
Article first published online: 27 JUN 2006
Review of International Economics
Volume 14, Issue 3, pages 362–379, August 2006
How to Cite
Busse, M. and Spielmann, C. (2006), Gender Inequality and Trade. Review of International Economics, 14: 362–379. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9396.2006.00589.x
- Issue published online: 27 JUN 2006
- Article first published online: 27 JUN 2006
The paper empirically explores the international linkages between gender inequality and trade flows of a sample of 92 developed and developing countries. The focus is on comparative advantage in labor-intensive manufactured goods. The results indicate that gender wage inequality is positively associated with comparative advantage in labor-intensive goods, i.e. countries with a larger gender wage gap have higher exports of these goods. Also, gender inequality in labor force activity rates and educational attainment rates are negatively linked with comparative advantage in labor-intensive commodities.