We are grateful to seminar participants at the European Workshop on Econometrics and Health Economics, Bergen, September 2007, the Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration, and Health Economics Bergen, for valuable comments on an earlier version of this paper. We are also grateful for the very helpful comments of two anonymous referees.
Education and Fertility: Evidence from a Natural Experiment*
Article first published online: 28 NOV 2008
© The editors of the Scandinavian Journal of Economics 2008
The Scandinavian Journal of Economics
Volume 110, Issue 4, pages 827–852, December 2008
How to Cite
Monstad, K., Propper, C. and Salvanes, K. G. (2008), Education and Fertility: Evidence from a Natural Experiment. The Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 110: 827–852. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9442.2008.00563.x
- Issue published online: 28 NOV 2008
- Article first published online: 28 NOV 2008
- educational reform
Declining fertility is often attributed to the increased education of women. It is difficult to establish a causal link because both fertility and education have changed secularly. In this paper we study the connection between fertility and education using educational reform as an instrument to control for selection. Our results indicate that increasing education leads to postponement of first births away from teenage motherhood and towards women having their first birth in their 20s as well as, for a smaller group, up to the age of 35–40. We find no evidence, however, that more education results in more women remaining childless or having fewer children.