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Acculturation strategies, coping process and acculturative stress

Authors


Ankica Kosic, Department of Social Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Via dei Marsi 78, 00185 Rome, Italy. E-mail: anna.kosic@uniroma1.it

Abstract

Using structural equation modeling, this study examines the influences of motivational factors (Need for Cognitive Closure – NCC – and Decisiveness), coping strategies and acculturation strategies on levels of acculturative stress. Two groups of immigrants in Rome (Croatians n= 156 and Poles n= 179) completed a questionnaire that included scales for the various factors. Although our initial hypothesized model was not confirmed, a modified model showed that the motivational factors of NCC and Decisiveness indirectly influence acculturative stress. The modified model with good fit indices indicated that the relationship between NCC and Decisiveness are mediated by coping strategies and acculturation strategies. Specifically, NCC is associated positively with avoidance coping, which in turn is negatively associated with the host group relationships and positively with the original culture maintenance. The last two dimensions predicted lower levels of acculturative stress. Decisiveness was positively associated with the problem-oriented coping and, negatively, with emotional and avoidance coping.

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