Choosing Priors for Constrained Analysis of Variance: Methods Based on Training Data


Floryt van Wesel, Department of Methodology and Statistics, Utrecht University, P.O. Box 80140, Utrecht, 3508 TC, The Netherlands.


Abstract.  This article combines the best of both objective and subjective Bayesian inference in specifying priors for inequality and equality constrained analysis of variance models. Objectivity can be found in the use of training data to specify a prior distribution, subjectivity can be found in restrictions on the prior to formulate models. The aim of this article is to find the best model in a set of models specified using inequality and equality constraints on the model parameters. For the evaluation of the models an encompassing prior approach is used. The advantage of this approach is that only a prior for the unconstrained encompassing model needs to be specified. The priors for all constrained models can be derived from this encompassing prior. Different choices for this encompassing prior will be considered and evaluated.