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The Additive Risk Model for Estimation of Effect of Haplotype Match in BMT Studies


Thomas H. Scheike, Department of Biostatistics, University of Copenhagen, Øster Farimagsgade 5B, P.O.B. 2099, DK-1014 Copenhagen K, Denmark.


Abstract.  In this article we consider a problem from bone marrow transplant (BMT) studies where there is interest on assessing the effect of haplotype match for donor and patient on the overall survival. The BMT study we consider is based on donors and patients that are genotype matched, and this therefore leads to a missing data problem. We show how Aalen's additive risk model can be applied in this setting with the benefit that the time-varying haplomatch effect can be easily studied. This problem has not been considered before, and the standard approach where one would use the expected-maximization (EM) algorithm cannot be applied for this model because the likelihood is hard to evaluate without additional assumptions. We suggest an approach based on multivariate estimating equations that are solved using a recursive structure. This approach leads to an estimator where the large sample properties can be developed using product-integration theory. Small sample properties are investigated using simulations in a setting that mimics the motivating haplomatch problem.