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Keywords:

  • censoring;
  • goodness of fit;
  • martingale residuals;
  • model checking;
  • omnibus test;
  • survival data

Abstract.  The short-term and long-term hazard ratio model includes the proportional hazards model and the proportional odds model as submodels, and allows a wider range of hazard ratio patterns compared with some of the more traditional models. We propose two omnibus tests for checking this model, based, respectively, on the martingale residuals and the contrast between the non-parametric and model-based estimators of the survival function. These tests are shown to be consistent against any departure from the model. The empirical behaviours of the tests are studied in simulations, and the tests are illustrated with some real data examples.