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New Governance and the Case of Activation Policies: Comparing Experiences in Denmark and the Netherlands

Authors


Colin Lindsay, Employment Research Institute, The Business School, Edinburgh Napier University, Craiglockhart Campus, Edinburgh, EH14 1DJ. Email: C.Lindsay@napier.ac.uk

Abstract

This article explores the importance of new forms of governance in active labour market policies (activation) in two countries: Denmark and the Netherlands. Drawing on research with key stakeholders in these countries, we analyse how new governance, and particularly processes of contracting-out and localization, have found expression in recent reforms to activation. We conclude that localization and contracting-out may have a future role to play in the development of more locally responsive and individually focused services. But both countries have encountered problems in promoting joined-up services through local jobcentres, while contracting-out has not always led to the tailored, individually focused services envisaged by policy-makers. In both countries, there are also concerns that the restriction of the Public Employment Service to a ‘gatekeeping and signposting’ role will lead to inconsistencies in the quality of services, exposing the most disadvantaged to greater social risk.

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