On the Global Relation and the Dirichlet-to-Neumann Correspondence

Authors


Address for correspondence: M. Doschoris, Department of Chemical Engineering, Division of Applied Mathematics, University of Patras and ICE/HT-FORTH, GR-26504 Patras, Greece; e-mail: mdoscho@chemeng.upatras.gr

Abstract

The recently developed Fokas method for solving two-dimensional Boundary Value Problems (BVP) via the use of global relations is utilized to solve axisymmetric problems in three dimensions. In particular, novel integral representations for the interior and exterior Dirichlet and Neumann problems for the sphere are derived, which recover and improve the already known solutions of these problems. The BVPs considered in this paper can be classically solved using either the finite Legendre transform or the Mellin-sine transform (which can be derived from the classical Mellin transform in a way similar to the way that the sine transform can be derived from the Fourier transform). The Legendre transform representation is uniformly convergent at the boundary, but it involves a series that is not useful for many applications. The Mellin-sine transform involves of course an integral but it is not uniformly convergent at the boundary. In this paper: (a) The Legendre transform representation is rederived in a simpler approach using algebraic manipulations instead of solving ODEs. (b) An integral representation, different that the Mellin-sine transform representation is derived which is uniformly convergent at the boundary. Furthermore, the derivation of the Fokas approach involves only algebraic manipulations, instead of solving an ordinary differential equation.

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