In this paper, I introduce a class of super Bell polynomials, which are found to play an important role in the characterization of super supersymmetric equations. An effective approach based on the use of the super Bell polynomials is developed to systematically investigate the bilinearization, Bäcklund transformation, and Lax pair for supersymmetric equations. I take a supersymmetric two-boson equation to illustrate this procedure. A new bilinear Bäcklund transformation and a Lax pair with both fermionic and bosonic parameters are given. In addition, a kind of exact solitons for the equation are further constructed with the help of the bilinear Bäcklund transformation.