I would like to thank Bert Vaux, David Willis and James Clackson as well as the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments on earlier forms of this paper. Special thanks also go to my friend and fellow linguist Thanasis Giannaris for reading a first draft of this paper and for bringing most helpful references to my attention. Last but not least, I thank the editor of TPhS, Paul Rowlett. This research was supported by a scholarship from the Greek State Scholarships Foundation (ΙδρυμαΚρατικώνΥποτροϕιών–ΙΚΥ ) and by a bursary from the George and Marie Vergottis Fund of the Cambridge European Trust.
The loss of grammatical gender in Cappadocian Greek1
Article first published online: 17 JUL 2009
© The author 2009. Journal compilation © The Philological Society 2009
Transactions of the Philological Society
Volume 107, Issue 2, pages 196–230, July 2009
How to Cite
Karatsareas, P. (2009), The loss of grammatical gender in Cappadocian Greek. Transactions of the Philological Society, 107: 196–230. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-968X.2009.01217.x
- Issue published online: 17 JUL 2009
- Article first published online: 17 JUL 2009
Cappadocian Greek is an extreme case of language change and dialectal variation among the Modern Greek dialects in having lost the tripartite grammatical gender distinction into masculine, feminine and neuter nominals, a distinction operative in Greek since its earliest recorded stages. In this paper, I argue that this linguistic innovation should not be viewed exclusively as the result of language contact with Turkish, as is most commonly assumed in the literature, but rather as the result of a series of language-internal analogical levellings of gender mismatches in polydefinite constructions, a process most probably accelerated by language contact but certainly not triggered by it.