Parts of this work have been presented to audiences, including Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, the 27th East Coast Indo-European Conference at the University of Georgia and Universität zu Köln. I very gratefully acknowledge discussions with Norbert Oettinger, Craig Melchert and José Luis García-Ramon on these occasions. I would also like to express my heartfelt gratitude to the two anonymous reviewers for their detailed and helpful comments on an earlier version of this paper. Whatever errors remain, however, are entirely my own responsibility.
Proto-Anatolian as a mora-based language1
Article first published online: 31 MAR 2011
© The author 2011. Transactions of the Philological Society © The Philological Society 2011
Transactions of the Philological Society
Volume 109, Issue 1, pages 92–108, March 2011
How to Cite
Yoshida, K. (2011), Proto-Anatolian as a mora-based language. Transactions of the Philological Society, 109: 92–108. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-968X.2011.01252.x
- Issue published online: 31 MAR 2011
- Article first published online: 31 MAR 2011
It is not easy by any means to obtain prosodic information from documents written in ancient languages because it is not usually recorded therein. But the techniques of philology and linguistics sometimes enable us to derive prosodic evidence from written data. The two lenition rules in Proto-Anatolian, which were considered to have operated either after an accented long vowel or between two short vowels, have been unified by Adiego into a single rule in moraic terms: lenition occurred after an unaccented mora. Furthermore, Hittite mediopassive present verbs of the nasal-infix class, which cannot be adequately accounted for on the supposition that the basic units which carried accents in Proto-Anatolian were syllables, come to receive a well-motivated (both morphologically and typologically) and straightforward historical explanation from a moraic point of view. These two independent pieces of evidence inevitably lead us to argue that Proto-Anatolian was a mora-based language.