for David R. Howlett
Present Indicative Plural Concord in Brittonic and Early English1
Article first published online: 27 JUL 2011
© The author 2011. Transactions of the Philological Society © The Philological Society 2011
Transactions of the Philological Society
Special Issue: Languages of early Britain. Edited by Stephen Laker and Paul Russell
Volume 109, Issue 2, pages 158–185, July 2011
How to Cite
Benskin, M. (2011), Present Indicative Plural Concord in Brittonic and Early English. Transactions of the Philological Society, 109: 158–185. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-968X.2011.01279.x
This paper was written in 2008 for a Festschrift for David Howlett; the volume was to have appeared in January 2009 as a special issue of the journal Anglo-Saxon. Publication, however, has been long delayed, and I now thank the managing editor of Anglo-Saxon, David N. Dumville, for approving an exchange of contributions. Robert D. Fulk, as co-editor of Anglo-Saxon, reviewed much of this paper in draft, and I am grateful to him for discussion and various improvements. My thanks are due also to readers of a later version privately circulated (it is noticed in Language 85 (2009), 903): Donka Minkova, Rolf H. Bremmer Jr., Roger Lass, Alasdair MacDonald, Patrick V. Stiles, and Keith Williamson. To Owain Edwards I am indebted for discussion of the Welsh citations; to Stephen Laker, for editorial good offices; and to Margaret Laing for confirming that the northern subject rule’s first decisive attestations in Middle English are indeed of the fourteenth century (see now the on-line Linguistic Atlas of Early Middle English, http://www.lel.ed.ac.uk/ihd/laeme1/laeme1.html). In summary form the paper was presented at the University of Stavanger, in a symposium (25–26 April 2008) celebrating completion of the Middle English Grammar Project’s on-line textual corpus (see http://www.uis.no/research/culture/the_middle_english_grammar_project/meg-c/); I thank Merja Stenroos for the invitation. Translations are mine throughout.
- Issue published online: 27 JUL 2011
- Article first published online: 27 JUL 2011
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