Earlier versions of this paper were presented at a CESifo area group meeting held in Munich, 29/30 January, 2004, and at CSGR (Warwick), prior to the CESifo conference ‘Dissecting Globalisation’, held in Venice, 23/24 July, 2005. The author is grateful to Robin Cohen, Sian Sullivan, Marc Muendler, Syed Ahsan, Ray Riesman, Hans Werner Sinn and James Brassett, and seminar and conference participants for comments. Referees on the earlier draft also provided helpful remarks. It draws on discussions with Jan Aart Scholte, Richard Higgott, Andrew Cooper and Bob Young. The author is grateful to Edgar Cudmore, Manish Pandey and Josh Svatek for research support.
Globalisation and Values
Version of Record online: 14 SEP 2007
© 2007 The Author. Journal compilation © Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 2007
The World Economy
Volume 31, Issue 11, pages 1503–1524, November 2008
How to Cite
Whalley, J. (2008), Globalisation and Values. World Economy, 31: 1503–1524. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9701.2007.01020.x
- Issue online: 23 OCT 2008
- Version of Record online: 14 SEP 2007
This paper discusses a central element in globalisation debate little addressed by economists, namely the interactions at global, national and community levels between globalisation and societally based values. Social values refer to wider notions of collective identity; religious values, attitudes towards materialism, moral beliefs, and a sense of collective awareness and are a broader and more encompassing concept than social capital discussed in recent economics and sociology literature. Social capital relates to trust, honesty and the social fabric of accepted norms central to the successful implementation of individual optimising decisions and denotes a communal asset reflecting strength of joint collective commitment whose amount can be increased or improved upon through investment of time and resources. Social values are much discussed in sociological literature going back to Comte, Durkheim, Parsons, and others. The issues taken up here are how different social values might interact and change as societies and their economies integrate (globalise). Processes of value competition, displacement and joint assimilation occur naturally to economists, but seem little studied by sociologists who seemingly place less stress on analytical comparative statics. Scenarios for how values can interact under globalisation are discussed in the text.