• Leslie S. Kawamura

    1. Leslie S. Kawamura is professor of Buddhism, Department of Religious Studies, Faculty of Humanities, the University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4.
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  • This paper derives from one presented at the Thirty-Fifth Annual Conference (“Cosmology and the Meaning of Human Existence: Options from Contemporary Physics and Eastern Religions”) of the Institute on Religion in an Age of Science, Star Island, New Hampshire, 30 July–6 August 1988.


Abstract. This paper presents Buddhism as a path theory in which the adherent practices mindfulness in order to see the world as-it-is. The world as presented in a human situation is an interdependently originating process to which one can bring meaning but in which meaning is not inherent. The conceptualizing process by which one concretizes reality is the foundation on which human frustrations and disease arise. However, it is by this conceptualizing process that one establishes a cosmological view of the universe. The soteriological consideration in Buddhism is to realize that reality created by the mind is like an illusion, a concretization of an interdependently originating process into a substantive reality. Through this realization one can remove the delusion created by mind and see reality as-it-is.