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Keywords:

  • consonance;
  • cosmology, created cocreator;
  • creation;
  • critical realism;
  • ecology;
  • eschatology, evolution;
  • falsification;
  • fruit-fulness;
  • holism;
  • New Age spirituality;
  • postmodernism;
  • scientific creationism;
  • scientism;
  • warfare between science and theology

Abstract. Revolutionary developments in both science and theology are moving the relation between the two far beyond the nineteenth-century “warfare” model. Both scientists and theologians are engaged in a common search for shared understanding. Eight models of interaction are outlined: scientism, scientific imperialism, ecclesiastical authoritarianism, scientific creationism, the two-language theory, hypothetical consonance, ethical overlap, and New Age spirituality. Developments in hypothetical consonance are explored in the work of various scholars, including Ian Barbour, Philip Clayton, Paul Davies, Willem Drees, Langdon Gilkey, Philip Hefner, Nancey Murphy, Wolfhart Pannenberg, Arthur Peacocke, John Polkinghorne, Robert John Russell, Thomas Torrence and Wenzel van Huyssteen.